1962 — Linus Pauling, Chemist and Opponent of Nuclear Weapons Testing:
In 1964 Pauling won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry and became only the second person to win Nobel Prizes in more than one field. In 1946 Pauling, Albert Einstein, and others formed the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists to petition against nuclear weapons. Pauling continued to organize similar protests. He was harassed for his efforts and at one time his passport was suspended. Pauling’s influence contributed to the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963.
“…war must be abolished if the human race is to survive.”
Photo: Courtesy of and Copyright © The Nobel Foundation
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